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Eleanor Lambertsen Papers

Papers of Eleanor Lambertsen (1916-1998) documenting her illustrious nursing career.

Eleanor Lambertsen was a leader in American nursing education. She trained at the Overlook Hospital School of Nursing in Summit, NJ, and completed her education – BS and EdD – at Teachers College, Columbia University. Her dissertation, “Education for Nursing Leaders,” completed in 1957, introduced the model of team nursing, a model that is still influential in nursing practice today. In 1958, she became the first Director of the Division of Nursing of the American Hospital Association. She remained in this position until 1961, whereupon she returned to Teachers College as the director of the nursing education division. From 1963 to 1969, she was President of the American Nurses Foundation. In 1970 she moved on to the post of Dean of the School of Nursing at Cornell University-New York Hospital. Her scholarly work created the basis for the revised legal definition of nursing in the landmark revision of the New York State Nurse Practice Act in 1972; she served consultant for the NYSNA Special Committee to Study the Nurse Practice Act from 1969 to 1972. In the 1970s and 1980s, she served on various boards and committees, such as that of Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield and the World Health Organization’s expert advisory council on nursing. She continued teaching well into the 1980s.


Finding Aid for the Eleanor Lambertsen Papers and Memorabilia, 1922-2000   (MC15)

Compiled by Rachel Donaldson June, 2007


VOLUME: 13.5 cubic feet
ACQUISITION: The items in this collection were donated to the Bellevue Alumnae Center for Nursing History, Foundation of New York State Nurses in multiple accessions by Eleanor Lambertsen between 1996 and 1999.
ACCESS: This collection is open to the public by appointment.
COPYRIGHT: Please consult the repository for information about duplication or publishing of any materials from this collection.
Eleanor Lambertsen Papers and Memorabilia, 1922-2000 (MC15), Bellevue Alumnae Center for Nursing History, Foundation of New York State Nurses, Guilderland, NY

Biographical Sketch

Born in Fanwood, N.J. in 1916, Eleanor Lambertsen was a leader in nursing education who was best known for developing the concept of team nursing.

Lambertsen graduated from Overlook Hospital School of Nursing in Summit, New Jersey in 1938. She earned a B.S. in 1949, a M.A. Teachers College, Columbia University including a bachelor’s in 1949, a in 1950 and a Ed.D. in 1957.

Lambertsen held high positions in schools of nursing, hospitals and professional organizations, though she started her career as many nurses of her time did: working night duty at the hospital where she received her diploma. She was named director of the nursing school at Overlook Hospital in 1943, and took on the role of acting director of the hospital in 1946. She was named as the first director of the division of nursing at the American Hospital Association (AHA) in 1958. She also served as assistant secretary, professional practices at AHA. She held the position of director, division of nursing, at Teachers College from 1961 to 1968, during which she had a profound influence on the many nurse leaders who graduated from the school. In 1968 she was named director of all health services at Teachers College. In 1970 she accepted the position of dean of the Cornell University-New York Hospital School of Nursing, a position she held until Cornell closed the school in 1979, when she became senior associate director of nursing services, New York Hospital. Throughout the 1970s and 1980s she managed a consulting business to spread advances in nursing education throughout the world. She taught in various capacities throughout the 1980s.

Lambertsen held positions and influence a wide variety of organizations, where she was intimately involved in the development of some of the most important advances in nursing. She served on the board of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, and on the Surgeon General’s Consultant group that spearheaded the Nurse Training Act, a source of significant federal funding for nursing education. She also served on the advisory group that developed the 1971 report, Extending the Scope of Nursing Practice, which called for increased authority for nurse practitioners. From 1961 to 1982 she was on the World Health Organization’s expert advisory council on nursing. She was director of the Visiting Nurse Service of New York from 1963 to 1975 and chairwoman of the New York State Nurses Association Council of Research in Nursing from 1972 to 1976. In 1974 she became the first nurse on the board of Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield, a position she held for 12 years. She served as vice chairman of the board from 1981 through 1986.

Lambertsen’s best known accomplishment was the development of team nursing, which began with her work with the Kellogg Foundation. The subject of her doctoral dissertation, Lambertsen published a book on the theory, Nursing Team Organization and Functioning, in 1957. The concept, which became synonymous with her name, was quickly accepted in hospitals around the world. Prior to team nursing, the nursing style practiced in most hospitals was known as functional nursing. In the functional nursing model, one nurse delivered medication, another gave baths and so on. Team nursing reversed the organization chart. Registered nurses became responsible for patient care and treatment goals. Daily meetings were held to review care plans and arrange duties for LPNs and aides in the unit. The team nursing plan has withstood the test of time and is still practiced in many hospitals today. As Lambertsen wrote in her dissertation, “The purpose of team nursing is to blend different kinds of nurses into the working unit whose core is the patient and his individual nursing needs.”

Lambertsen was the recipient of numerous awards and honors throughout her distinguished career. She received the R. Louise McManus Award from the Nursing Education Alumni Association at Teachers College; honorary recognition from the ANA and the New York State Nurses Association; membership in the Institute of Medicine; and honorary fellowship in AHA.

Lambertsen was married to Joseph Anderson, M.D., one time director of registration and approval for AHA. Eleanor Lambertsen died on March 30, 1998 at the age of 82 in Gladwyne, PA.


  • “Health Care Hall of Fame: Eleanor C. Lambertsen 1916-.” Modern Healthcare. September 15, 1989.
  • “Former ANF President Dies.” The American Nurse. May/June 1998.
  • Saxon, Wolfgang, “Eleanor C. Lambertsen, 82; Introduced Use of Nurse Teams.” New York Times, April 10, 1998.

Scope and Contents Notes

Series Descriptions

Series 1: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1950-1994
1.33 cubic feetPapers from Lambertsen’s tenure at the school, including course outlines, curriculum, administrator’s information, faculty records, annual reports, records on school programs, and records on the Student-Faculty Organization.
Series 2: New York Hospital-Cornell University, 1968-1996
2.66 cubic feetPapers from Lambertsen’s tenure at the school, including administrative records, correspondence, records from the school’s closing, reference materials, writings and papers, consulting records, and student life memorabilia such as a yearbook.
Series 3: Professional Organizations, 1955-2000
2 cubic feetPapers from Lambertsen’s involvement as member, Board member, leader and consultant in a large variety of professional organizations, committees and other groups. Records are organized by the names of the organization and include correspondence, publications, reports and more. Some of the organizations and groups represented include the American Academy of Nursing, the Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, the New York State Nurses Association, the Health Services Improvement Fund, the Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, the Mellen Foundation, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the Committee for the National Board of Nurse Specialties.
Series 4: Writings and Speeches, 1957-1995
1.33 cubic feetPapers, articles, speeches, editorials and other writings by Lambertsen, both published and unpublished. Arranged alphabetically by title. Includes publications from the journals Modern Hospital, Hospitals, J.A.H.A., Nursing Clinics of North America, The Journal of the New York State Nurses Association, and Improvement of Nursing Practice.
Series 5: Personal Papers, 1922-1996
1.33 cubic feetSmall assortment of personal papers and memorabilia, some dating back to childhood. Includes correspondence, autograph book (1947), scrapbooks, and various reference material.
Series 6: Photographs, 1947-1994
0.33 cubic feetProfessionally shot and candid photographs of Lambertsen and others. Also includes small file of photographs taken by Lambertsen. Images include photographs of Lambertsen speaking at various events, headshots, photographs illustrating the Team Nursing concept, and personal photographs of family and friends. Also includes very small number of unidentified slides.
Series 7: Awards and Honors, 1970-1993
0.33 cubic feetThis small series is comprised of awards and honors Lambertsen received throughout her career. Items are arranged alphabetically by the name of the organization presenting the award. Some highlights include American Nurses Association honorary membership, Health Care Hall of Fame induction, honorary degree from Loyola University, New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center Distinguished Achievement Award for Nursing, the R. Louise McManus Medal and the Teachers College Distinguished Alumni Award.
Series 8: Artifacts
4.19 cubic feetIncludes a variety of artifacts, including a large number of plaques and framed awards. Some highlights include a framed Florence Nightingale autograph, a set of teacups and saucers from New York Hospital’s Nurses’ Residence, travel souvenirs, event buttons, St. Christopher’s medals and jewelry. Also includes academic robes and paraphernalia.

Box and Folder List

Series 1: Teachers College, Columbia University, 1950-1994

Box 1

  1. Administrator’s Handbook: Understanding the Joint Statement on Rights and Freedoms of Students, 1968
  2. Administration: Levine, Arthur E., president, 1994-1996
  3. Annual Reports, 1967-1968
  4. Class Materials, 1953-1956
  5. Class Materials: ED291: Nursing Service, undated
  6. Class Materials: ED292SG: Disciplining, undated
  7. Class Materials: HA206: Nursing Service and Education, 1959
  8. Class Materials: N150P: Recorded Seminars, 1952, 1955, 1959
  9. Class Materials: N250, 1959
  10. Class Materials: TN3302: Administration of Hospital Nursing Service, 1964, 1969
  11. Class Materials: TN3303: Staffing the Nursing Service Department, 1964
  12. Class Materials: TN3309: Number of Procedures or Techniques Performed by Various Members of Nursing Service Personnel in 24 Hour Period, 1967
  13. Class Materials: TN3380: Administration of Community Nursing Service Agencies, undated
  14. Class Materials: TN3400-3401: Supervisor’s Activities, 1962
  15. Class Materials: TN4001: Contemporary Issues in Nursing, c.1989
  16. Class Materials: TN4005: Contemporary Issues in Nursing, 1989
  17. Class Materials: TN5010: Administration of the Nursing Organization, 1989
  18. Class Materials: TN5010: Administration of the Nursing Organization notes, c.1989
  19. Class Materials: TN6014: Managing the Socially Responsible Organization, 1987-1988 (1 of 3)
  20. Class Materials: TN6014: Managing the Socially Responsible Organization, 1987-1988 (2 of 3)
  21. Class Materials: TN6014: Managing the Socially Responsible Organization, 1987-1988 (3 of 3)
  22. Class Materials: TN6014: Reynolds, Andrea term-paper, c.1988 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]
  23. Codes, 1967
  24. Collegiate Board of Review, 1968
  25. Commencement program, 1950
  26. Committee on Education, 1968
  27. Committee: Faculty Executive Committee, 1968
  28. Committee: Social Action Committee, 1969
  29. Committee: Student-Staff Liaison Committee, 1968
  30. Correspondence, 1950, 1957-1958
  31. Correspondence, 1960, 1961, 1965-1971, 1980, 1988-1990
  32. Department of Nursing Education project report, 1989
  33. Division V: Health Services, Sciences, and Education, 1970
  34. Evaluation forms, 1970, undated
  35. Events programs for speaking engagements, 1958, 1970
  36. Graduate programs, 1969
  37. Institute of Research and Service in Nursing Education, 1988
  38. Institutional Change Study, 1969
  39. Interdepartmental Student Board newsletter, 1967
  40. The Isabel Maitland Stewart Professorship in Nursing, 1960, undated
  41. Kappa Delta Phi, 1950
  42. Memoranda, 1950, 1964, 1968, 1969, undated
  43. Middlesex General Hospital survey: Nursing Education, 1962
  44. Nursing Education Club, 1968
  45. Nursing Service Research Project, 1956
  46. Observations on Nursing Rounds, 1969
  47. Organization for Program Decisions, 1968
  48. Papers (internal), 1962-1964, 1966-1969, 1971, undated
  49. Papers: “The Students, Staff and Faculty of the Department of Nursing Education,” 1968
  50. Philosophy and Purpose of the Department of Nursing Education, 1988-1989
  51. Pi Lambda Theta, 1949
  52. Play, untitled, undated
  53. Press release, 1961
  54. Program appraisal, 1967, 1968
  55. Proposals, c.1968
  56. Publicity, 1961, 1967, undated
  57. Publicity, 1976, 1977, 1979, 1982, 1983, undated
  58. Questions & Issues, undated
  59. Radical Action Cooperative, 1968
  60. Request for Funds for Scholarship for Graduate Students in Nursing, 1967
  61. School policies, 1968
  62. Staff meeting, 1968
  63. Statutes and bylaws, 1958
Box 2

  1. Student-Faculty Organization, 1967-1968
  2. Student-Faculty Organization: Coordinating Committee, 1968
  3. Student-Faculty Organization: Advisory Committee, 1968
  4. Student-Faculty Organization: Student Organization Subcommittee, 1968
  5. Student-Faculty Organization: Advisement Guides Subcommittee, 1968
  6. Student-Faculty Organization: Community Relations Subcommittee, 1968
  7. Student-Faculty Organization: Registration Subcommittee, 1968
  8. Student-Faculty Organization: Student Handbook Subcommittee, 1967-1968
  9. Student-Faculty Organization: Course Evaluation Subcommittee, 1968
  10. Student-Faculty Organization: Program Evaluation, 1968
  11. Student handbook, 1968-1969
  12. Student papers, 1988 [RESTRICTED ACCESS]
  13. Student Power Research: Summary Report, c.1968
  14. Student Representation to Faculty, 1967
  15. Study of Institutional Change, 1969
  16. Study to Redesign Hospital Unit Management, undated
  17. Technical and Professional Practice, 1968
  18. Temporary Student Governing Body, 1968
  19. Workshop on Team Nursing (AHA), 1953-1966
  20. Travel Expense Statement for Mildred Montag, 1965

Series 2: New York Hospital-Cornell University, 1968-1996

Box 1

  1. Administrative manual, 1982 (1 of 3)
  2. Administrative manual, 1982 (2 of 3)
  3. Administrative manual, 1982 (3 of 3)
  4. Alpha Upsilon, Sigma Theta Tau, 1996
  5. Board of Estimates Public Hearing statement, 1973
  6. Bookmarks, undated
  7. Christy, Teresa E. (professor), 1970
  8. Class materials, undated
  9. Clinical Nurse Specialist Panel, 1974
  10. Closing of the Nursing School, 1977
  11. Code of Legislation of the Faculty of the Cornell University Graduate School of Medical Services, undated
  12. Committee on Governance, 1972
  13. Conferences, 1975
  14. Conferences: American College of Physicians Board of Governors, 1979
    Conferences: Royal Australian Nursing Federation, 1975
  15. Cornell University bylaws, 1975
  16. Correspondence, 1970-1976
  17. Correspondence, 1977-1979
  18. Correspondence, 1980-1981
  19. Correspondence, 1982
  20. Correspondence, 1983, 1985, 1989, undated
  21. Correspondence: Former students and applicants, 1967, 1969-1981, 1996
  22. Correspondence: National Health Council, 1982, 1983
  23. Division of Nursing organization charts, 1980
  24. Documentation Endorsing Registration of Nurse Practitioners, 1977, 1978, 1993
  25. DRGs LOS Under 3 days, 1984-1985
  26. DRGs Over 100 Cases, 1986
  27. DRG Ranking by Relative Weight, 1984-1985
  28. Ephemera, c.1976
  29. Evaluation forms, 1975, undated
  30. Evaluation of Nursing Care, 1970-1972, 1981
  31. Evaluation: State University of New York at Stony Brook Graduate Program in Nursing, 1980
  32. Event programs, 1976, 1982
  33. Events: Centennial of the School of Nursing, 1977
  34. Events: David Thompson Memorial Service, 1995
  35. Extending the Scope of Nursing Practice, Secretary: Committee to Study Extended Roles for Nurses, U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, November, 1971
  36. External Environment manuscript, Sections I, II and III, c.1982
  37. External Environment manuscript, Sections IV and V, c.1982
  38. External Environment manuscript, Sections VI and VII, c.1982
  39. Faculty and School Status Chapters 1-10, 1979
  40. Faculty and School Status Chapters 11-18, 1979
  41. Faculty and School Status Chapters 19-20, 1979
  42. Final Report on the Closing of the School of Nursing: Office of Nursing Affairs, July 1, 1979-June 30, 1981
Box 2

  1. First Day of Issue Ceremony postcard, 1971
  2. Functions and Philosophies, 1982
  3. Hatfield, Robert S., 1981
  4. Head Nurse Orientation and Training, c.1981
  5. Head Nurse Perception of Effectiveness of Hospital Operation and Quality of Patient Care, 1978
  6. Health Service Research Project, 1986
  7. Health Service Research Project: Project Report, 1986
  8. History, 1973, undated
  9. Identification, 1973
  10. Intensive Care Unit: Special Care, 1986
  11. Inventory: Health Occupations Educational Programs, 1981
  12. Job descriptions, 1974, 1982
  13. Larsen, Ken, PWC, 1982
  14. Leadership Class, 1974-1976
  15. Lederberg, Joshua: commencement speech controversy, 1979
  16. Lucky, E. Hugh, college president, 1970-1974, 1980
  17. McIntyre, Robert L., architect, 1976
  18. Manpower-Nursing, 1981
  19. Mellen Foundation Advisory Board, 1979
  20. Memoranda, 1972, 1974-1977, 1979-1983, 1986
  21. Memorial for Elizabeth G. Brooks, 1981
  22. Nurse resources, c.1978
  23. Nurses’ Coalition, 1979-1980 (1 of 2)
  24. Nurses’ Coalition, 1979-1980 (2 of 2)
  25. Nursing Care Hours budget, 1981
  26. Nursing Unit Design, 1974, 1985-1987
  27. Operating Room Study, 1979
  28. Papers, 1962, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1977-1981, undated
  29. Patient Care Units, 1981
  30. Patient Classification, 1981-1982
  31. Patient Education, 1976
  32. Patients’ Perception of their Quality of Care, undated
  33. Position questionnaire, 1976
  34. Presentations: American Association of Neurosurgical Nurses, 1979
  35. Presentations: “Career Opportunities in Nursing,” The New York Academy of Medicine, 1994
  36. Presentations: Duke University, 1980
  37. Presentations: First Annual Nursing Alumni Conference, Pace University, 1983
  38. Presentations: LaGuardia Community College, 1982
  39. Presentations: National Health Council, 1979, 1980
  40. Presentations: Pennsylvania League for Nursing, 1979
  41. Presentations: United Hospital Fund Workshop, 1979
  42. Presentations: various, 1970
  43. Primary Care Services, 1975
  44. Primex: Family Nurse Practitioner Program, undated
  45. Projecting Requirements for Nursing Service Staff, c.1982
  46. Proposal for a Graduate Program, 1977
  47. Publications: Announcement, 1974-1975
  48. Publications: The New York Hospital Rebuilding for the 21st Century, 1986
  49. Publications: A Third Century of Progress for the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center, 1975
  50. Publications: various, undated
  51. Publicity, 1987
  52. Reception to Honor Eleanor Lambertsen and Thomas Meickle, 1980
  53. Reference materials, 1968, 1978, 1983, 1986, 1987
  54. Reference materials: Nursing Shortage and Studies, 1980-1983, 1986-1988
Box 3

  1. Reference materials: Projecting Requirements for Nursing Service Staff In-Patient Units, 1981-1988
  2. Reference materials: “Status of New York City Hospitals,” 1995
  3. Report: Major Problems-The School of Nursing, 1972
  4. Report to the President, 1977
  5. Retirement Symposium, 1983
  6. Review of Employee Relations Issues, 1980
  7. Rogosin Institute, 1981
  8. Ross Health Administration Forum, 1981
  9. Scope and Dimensions of Nursing Practice, 1980-1982
  10. Self Evaluation Report on Educational Programs in Nursing Leading to the Baccalaureate Degree, 1972
  11. Seton Hall Forum, 1980
  12. Socio-Economic and Political Forces Influencing the Delivery of Nursing Care Services, c.1987
  13. South African Nurses Association, 1976
  14. Speeches, 1973, 1974, 1983
Box 4

  1. State University of New York-Binghamton, 1980, 1982
  2. Study: History of Cornell University-New York Hospital School of Nursing, undated
  3. “A Study of Patients’ Perceptions of the Quality of their Care and of Related Services,” 1978, 1981
  4. Study: Staff Perception of Effectiveness of Hospital Operation, 1978
  5. Surgical Nursing, 1980-1981
  6. Surveys, 1977
  7. Teachers College, Columbia University, 1969-1979
  8. Thompson, David, Director, 1983
  9. World Health Organization, 1973, 1976
  10. Yearbook, 1977

Series 3: Professional Organizations, 1955-2000

Box 1

  1. Advisory Council to the Health Planning Commission, 1968
  2. American Academy of Nursing, 1989-1990
  3. American Association of Colleges of Nursing, 1986-1987, 1994
  4. American Board of Medical Specialties, 1992
  5. American Hospital Association, 1955, 1958-1961, 1977, 1979, 1980, 1985 (includes photo)
  6. American Medical Association, RCT proposal, 1988
  7. American Nurses Association, 1967-1970
  8. American Nurses Association, 1976
  9. American Nurses Association, 1977-1979, 1985-1988, 1990
  10. American Nurses Association House of Delegates, 1992
  11. American Nurses Association Tri-Council for Nursing Meeting, 1992
  12. American Nurses Foundation, 1993-1994
  13. American Organization of Nurse Executives, 1986-1989, 1991-1993
  14. Association of Academic Health Centers, 1989
  15. Blue Cross/Blue Shield, 1972
  16. The Center for Nursing Excellence, 2000
  17. Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry, 1995
  18. Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, 1990, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1996
  19. Center for the Study of the History of Nursing: “American Nursing and American Hospitals 1948-1990,” 1992
  20. Center for the Study of the History of Nursing: Conference, 1993
  21. Committee for the National Board of Nursing Specialties: Meetings, 1989-1990
  22. Committee for the National Board of Nursing Specialties: Memoranda, 1988-1991
  23. Committee for the National Board of Nursing Specialties, 1988-1990, 1992 (1 of 2)
  24. Committee for the National Board of Nursing Specialties, 1988-1990, 1992 (2 of 2)
  25. Committee for the National Board of Nursing Specialties: Certification articles, 1989
  26. Common Cause, 1991
  27. The Foundation of New York Counties Registered Nurses Association, 1990-1991
  28. Foundation of the New York State Nurses Association, 1990, 1995
  29. Friends of Rockefeller Team, 1990
  30. Harlem Hospital-City College Academy of Nursing, 1988
  31. Health Services Improvement Fund, 1987-1992
  32. Hospital Association of New York State, 1986
  33. Hospital Research and Education Trust, undated
Box 2

  1. Institute of Medicine, 1992-1996
  2. International Council of Nurses, 1993
  3. The John Gardner Fund, 1995
  4. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations, 1988
  5. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, 1987-1989
  6. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation, 1991-1992
  7. Legislative Advisory Committee, undated
  8. Maternity Center Association Research Advisory Committee, 1988
  9. Mellen Foundation, 1978-1981
  10. National Board of Nurse Examiners: Special Study Committee for Physicians Assistants, 1972-1973
  11. National Board of Nursing Specialization, 1987, 1988, 1990
  12. National Center for Health Education, 1984
  13. National Center for Nursing Research, 1987, 1991
  14. National Commission on Nursing Implementation Project, 1987
  15. The National Commission for the Study of Nursing and Nursing Education, 1970-1977
  16. National Committee for the Promotion of the Quality of Specialty Nursing Practice, 1988
  17. National Council of State Boards of Nursing, 1985-1988, 1990-1991
  18. National Foundation for Specialty Nursing Organization, 1988
  19. National Health Council, 1984-1985
  20. National League for Nursing, 1967, 1969, 1979, 1990, 1993
  21. National League for Nursing: Community Health Accreditation Program, 1993
  22. New York Academy of Medicine, 1975
  23. New York Academy of Sciences, 1995-1996
  24. New York Health Decisions, 1990
  25. New York State Advisory Council on Physicians’ Assistants and Specialists’ Assistants, 1981
  26. New York State Health Advisory Council, 1981, 1984
  27. New York State Nurses Association, 1967, 1975, 1982, 1985-1987, 1995-1996
  28. Nurses Educational Funds, 1990-1992
  29. Nurses Educational Funds, 1993, 1995
  30. Nurses House, 1985
  31. Nursing Publications, Inc., 1975
  32. Public Health Service, 1990
  33. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, 1975, 1978
  34. Rockefeller Archives Center, 1993
  35. Royal Australian Nursing Federation, 1974
  36. Sigma Theta Tau International, 1996
  37. Statewide Health Coordinating Council, 1977, 1979
  38. Strategic Plan to Develop Nursing Specialties Board, 1990

Series 4: Writings and Speeches, 1957-1995

Box 1

  1. (A-B)
    “Acute Care,” 1973
    “Administration,” 1958
    “Allied Health Programs,” 1972
    “Ambulatory Care Services,” 1973
    “Ambulatory Surgery,” 1982 (2 copies)
    “An Analysis of the Future of Nursing,” undated
    “Architectural Design Related to Ease of Nursing Care,” 1960
    “Attention, Head Nurses!” speech, 1958
    “Attrition Rates in Schools of Nursing and Occupational Placement of Graduates,” c.1959
    “Basic Assumptions,” 1974
  2. Alfred University Science Center Dedication speech, 1968-1969
  3. (C)
    “Can We Afford Nursing Care?” speech, ANA Convention, 1968
    “Caring for the Leukemia Patient,” speech, 1981
    “Case Study Shows How Hospitals Can Excise the Fear.” Modern Hospital, January, 1968, 84.
    “A Century of Excellence,” 1977
    “A Challenge-Quality Nursing,” undated
    “The Changing Face of Nursing Education-Challenges of the Next Decade,” 1988
    “Changing Patterns in Nursing Practice Affecting Patient Care,” c.1967
    “The Changing Relationship Between the Physician and Nursing Profession,” 1979
    “Changing Responsibilities of Nursing in Health Care,” c.1964
    “Changing Role of the Nurse in the Delivery of Health Care Services: A Challenge to Nursing Education,” 1971
    “Changing Roles of Nurses in Health Care Services,” 1973
    “The Changing Role of the Professional Nurse (As Reflected in the Social Changes),” speech, Convention of the American Nurses’ Association, 1960
    “Clinical Nursing Research: Impetus and Progress,” 1980
    “Clinical Specialization,” 1974
    “Common Elements in Nursing,” 1964
    “The Community’s Stake in Effective Nursing Care.” Trustee, November, 1962, 12-16.
    “Concepts and Components of Nursing Service.” Hospitals, J.A.H.A., 36 (1962): 86-90.
    “Coordination as an Element of Administration,” undated
    “Current Concepts of Nursing Practice, Functions and Processes,” 1967
    “Current Trends in Nursing Leadership: Transition from Student to Graduate,” 1976
  4. “The Changing Role of Nursing and its Regulation.” Nursing Clinics of North America, 9 (1974): 395-402.
  5. “The Child in Western Civilization-The Family,” 1975
  6. (D)
    “Defining Nursing Practice,” 1973
    “Definition and Philosophy of the Professional Role of Practitioners of Nursing,” 1958
    “The Delivery of Nursing Services,” 1969
    “The Dilemma of the Teaching Hospital,” c.1984
    “Dimensions of Professional Nursing Practice,” undated
    “The Division of Health Services, Sciences, and Education,” c.1970
  7. “Developing Competent Nurse Practitioners,” speech, National Conference on FNP Curriculum and Evaluation, 1980
  8. (E)
    Editorial (untitled), 1970
    “The Education and Utilization of Tomorrow’s Nurse,” undated
    “Effective Interdisciplinary Team Action,” 1975
    “Elderly Citizens and Long Term Care,” c.1974
    “The Emerging Role of the Nursing Home in the Treatment of the Geriatric Patient,” c.1963
    “Essentials of an Inservice Education Program for Faculties of Schools of Nursing,” 1960
    “Expanded Roles of Nurses in Perspective,” 1974
    “Expanded Roles within the Health Care System: Nursing’s Opportunities and Responsibilities,” speech, Eunice Paten Oration, 1975
  9. “Echoes from the Past,” 1950
  10. Editorial: “A Platform for Action,” 1970
  11. “Educational Objectives and Curricula to Prepare Nurse Practitioners for Service within the Current Health Care System,” 1975
  12. “The Emerging Health Occupations,” 1994, 1995
  13. “Evaluating the Quality of Nursing Care.” Hospitals, 39 (1965).
  14. “The Extended Role of the Nurse,” 1970, 1976
  15. (F-G)
    “Factors Inherent in Planning for Nursing Care,” 1970
    “Finding and Developing Leadership,” undated
    “The Future Before You as a Professional Nurse,” speech, 1960
    “The Future Belongs to You,” 1969
    “Future Health Care Delivery Systems,” 1969
    “The Future Health Care System,” outline, 1973
    “The Future of Nursing: Leadership and Social Action,” undated
    “The Future Role of Nurse Practitioners,” 1972
    “Governance of the School of Nursing,” 1970
  16. “Forces Influencing the Delivery of Nursing-Care Services,” undated
  17. “Graduate Education Today, Graduate Curriculum Trends,” 1969
  18. (H-I)
    “Health Care Priority: the Patient or the Pocketbook, Can Nursing Meet the Challenge,” undated
    “Health Maintenance and Nursing Services,” c.1971
    “Hospital Schools of Nursing in 1984: Two Forecasts.” Hospitals, J.A.H.A., 38 (1964).
    “Hospital Schools of Nursing: A Twenty-Year Forecast,” undated
    “How Can the Health Team Function,” speech, National Conference on Rural Health, 1973
    “How to Change the Unchanging Nurse,” 1968
    “How Diploma Nursing Schools View Accreditation-Report of a Survey.” Hospitals, J.A.H.A., 36 (1962).
    “Human Rights as an Integral Part of the Science of Nursing Practice,” 1969
    “Impact ’74-The Nurse in Transition,” 1974
    “Improving Administrator-Nurse Relationship,” 1969
    “Improving Nursing Practice,” undated
    “The Increased Militancy of Nurses,” 1967
  19. “Health Service Research Project: The Dilemma of the Teaching Hospital,” 1986
  20. (I-J)
    “Implementing Quality of Care Today,” 1972
    “The Implications of New Techniques in Ward Management as They Affect Nursing,” speech, International Hospital Congress, 1967
    “Improving the Nursing Care of the Patient.” Improvement of Nursing Practice, (1961): 12-18.
    “Innovative Utilization of Nurse Manpower,” speech, Congress for Nursing Practice, 1974
    “Intensive Nursing Care,” undated
    “Interdisciplinary Education: ‘Why and How,'” c.1980
    “Interproffesional Relationships: Nursing,” undated (handwritten)
    “Is There a Dichotomy Between Nursing Education and Nursing Service?” speech, Frances Dean Lecture Series, Ohio State University, 1963
    “Issues and Problems in Nursing,” 1975 (2 copies)
  21. “The Implication of New Techniques in Ward Management as they Affect Nursing.” International Nursing Review, 16 (1967).
  22. “Inservice Education for Emergency Nursing Service.” Nursing Clinics of North America, 2 (1967): 237-243.
  23. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation: The American Board of Nurse Specialties, c.1992
  24. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation grant (drafts), c.1992 (1 of 2)
  25. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation grant (drafts), c.1992 (2 of 2)
  26. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation grant outlines, 1992
  27. Josiah Macy Jr. Foundation grant references, c.1992
  28. (K-L)
    “Knowing Roles Aids Doctor-Nurse Accord.” Modern Hospital, (1969): 75-77.
    “Leadership,” speech(?), undated
    “Leadership in the Changing Health Care System,” speech (handwritten), undated
    “Leadership in Nursing,” speech, 1978
    “Licensure for Nursing Practice,” c.1971
  29. Letters to the editor, 1960, 1990
    “Let’s Get the Nurses Role Into Focus.” Prism, (1973). Oversize Box.
  30. List of publications (incomplete), c.1970
  31. List of speeches and publications in office, c.1980
  32. (M-N)
    “Management of the Nursing System,” 1979
    “Managerial vs. Clinical Nursing Practice,” c.1966
    “Medical Library Association,” 1961
    “Meeting the Costs of Nursing Education,” 1961
    “Meeting Health Care Needs Projection for the Future,” c.1969
    “Modern Problems and Future of Nursing Education: The Current Status,” 1975
    “Multidisciplinary Team Approach in a Psychiatric Setting,” (handwritten), undated
    “The National Picture in Nursing Education,” c.1963
    “New Educational Developments,” undated
    “The Next Decade: Nursing Education and Service in a Medical Center,” 1976
    “The Nurse in Future Health Care Delivery Systems,” 1969
    “Nurse Involvement in Primary Care,” 1974
    “Nurse Practitioners-Who and Why?” The Journal of the New York State Nurses Association, 13 (1982): 5-13.
    “Nurses, Patients, and Pocketbooks,” 1979
  33. “Manpower-Nursing,” 1981
  34. Manuscript reviews and critiques, 1967, 1969, 1971-1973, 1975-1977, 1980
  35. “Modern Nursing Practice.” Column in Modern Hospital, 1964-1968
  36. (N 1 of 2) “N.E.A.A. Alumni Achievement Award in Nursing Service: Mary F. Woody, M.A., R.N., FAAN,” speech, 1992
    “The Next Decade: Nursing Education and Service in a Medical Center,” 1976
    “The Next Ten Years-A Critical Decade.” The Alumni News Cornell University-New York Hospital School of Nursing Alumni Association, 51 (1977): 1-2.
    “Not Quite MD, More Than PA.” Hospitals, J.A.H.A., (1971): 71-76, 136.
    “The Nurse Practitioner’s Role in Providing Primary Care,” 1983
    “The Nurse as a Primary Health Care Provider: Origin and Evolution of Role,” c.1978
    “Nursing Activities,” 1963
    “Nursing Care Hours Per Patient Day,” 1982
    “Nursing as a Career,” undated
    “Nursing Education and Nursing Practice,” c.1968
    “Nursing Education in a University Health Center,” c.1969
    “Nursing Education: For Whom, Where, and When.” The American Journal of Nursing, 62 (1962): 50-55.
    “Nursing Leadership Within the Social, Political, and Economic External Environment,” 1982
    “Nursing and Long-Term Care: The Research Program of the American Nurses’ Foundation.” Nursing Research Report, 3 (1968): 1, 4. (2 copies)
  37. (N 2 of 2) “Nursing-New Dimensions,” c.1961
    “Nursing Practice-Expanded?” 1972
    “Nursing Practice and Health Service,” 1976
    “Nursing Practice in the World Setting,” c.1977 (2 copies)
    “Nursing Research on the Federal Level,” University of Illinois graduation speech, 1968 (2 copies)
    “Nursing Research in the Operating Room,” 1966
    “Nursing Service and Nursing Education,” c.1957
    “Nursing Service Organization and its Effect on the Hospital of the Future,” undated
    “Nursing Service Staff in Today’s and Tomorrow’s Health Care Delivery System,” 1980
    “Nursing on Target,” 1972
    “Nursing-Why the Crisis?” c.1968 (2 copies)
  38. “The Nature and Objective of Intensive Care Nursing.” Nursing Clinics of North America, 3 (1968): 3-6.
  39. “Nursing and the Public Good: A Conversation with Eleanor Lambertsen,” undated
  40. “Nursing Team Leadership.” South African Nursing Journal, (1976): 33-38.
  41. (O-P) “The Occupational Health Nurse’s Contribution to Community Health,” 1969
    “One Way of Improving Nursing-Progressive Patient Care,” undated
    “Organizational Relationships and Responsibilities of Department of Nursing,” undated
    “Patient Care Needs and the Changing Role of Health Manpower,” 1972
    “Patient Care Units-Services and Interactions,” 1978
    “Patient-Family Centered Care,” 1962
    “Patterns of Staffing for Patient Care,” speech, American Hospital Association Workshop on Organization of Hispital Inpatient Services, 1961
    “The Physician, the Nurse, and the Hospital,” c.1969
    “The Physician-the Nurse and Physician’s Assistants,” 1971
    “Planning and Evaluating Patient Care on Interdisciplinary Health Team.” The Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society, 62 (1965): 129-131.
    “A Platform for Action,” editorial, 1970
    “Preparation for Research,” 1963 (2 copies)
    “Preparation for the Role of Nurse Executive in Health Service Agencies,” 1989
    “The Privileges and Prerogatives of Nursing,” speech, Primex graduation, 1975
    “Problems Associated with Providing Care for the Elderly in Nursing Homes,” 1975
    “The Professional Syndrome,” 1971
    “Progress in Developing the I.C.U. Specialist,” 1971
    “Projecting Doctoral Manpower Requirements in Nursing: a Look at the Criteria,” speech, Conference on Doctoral Manpower Requirements in Nursing, 1974
  42. Permissions for use of articles, 1971, 1972, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979
  43. “Perspective on the Physician’s Assistant.” Nursing Outlook, 20 (1972): 32-36.
  44. “Plans for Implementing ‘an Abstract for Action'” speech, Southern Regional Education Board, 1971
  45. “Prelude to the Future,” speech, Cornell University-New York Hospital end of year program, 1979
  46. “Preparation of the Nurse Practitioner.” Chart, 68 (1971): 71-74
  47. “Prescription for the Association,” 1970
  48. Professional Nurse Traineeship Evaluation Conference Keynote address, 1963
Box 2

  1. The Professionalization of Nursing, drafts, c.1993
  2. (Q-R)
    “Quality Assurance: Neurological-Neurosurgical Nursing Practice,” 1977
    “A Rationale for Programmed Instruction in Nursing,” undated
    “Research in Nursing-The Task and the Tools,” c.1968
  3. “Rationale Underlying Team Nursing,” 1969
  4. “Reorganize Nursing to Reemphasize Care,” 1967
  5. “Role of the Nursing Service Administrator in Achieving Coordination of Patient Care,” 1971
  6. (S-T)
    “Salute to Nursing,” speech, undated (2 copies)
    “Several Approaches to Institutional Licensure,” undated
    “Social Demands and Professional Competence,” speech, VA Hospital, Little Rock, Arkansas, 1965
    “Social Developments Which Will Be Affecting Change in Nursing and Medicine,” speech, 1966
    “Statement on the Essentiality of Organized Nursing Services and on the Position, Role and Qualifications of Administrators of Nursing Care
    Services by the ANA Commission on Nursing Services,” American Nurses Association, 1968
    “Statement to the New York State Joint Legislatives Committee on the Problems of Public Health and Medicine,” undated
    “Supervision and Communication as Related to Nursing Services,” undated
    “Supervision of Nursing in Clinical Services,” 1978
    “The System of Undergraduate Education for Nursing,” 1961
    “Technical and Professional Practice,” 1972
    “Toward a Clearer Definition o the Nurse’s Function.” Hospitals, (1961).
    “Transactional Analysis and Patient Care,” c.1974
    “Trends in Education,” c.1968
    “Trends, Issues and Problems: Nursing Services,” speech, Head Nurse Institute, 1980
    “Trends in Nursing Outline of Subject Matter,” c.1965
    “A Tribute to Veronica M. Driscoll,” 1979
    “The Turbulent Health Care Scene and Nursing Scene,” undated (handwritten outline)
  7. “The Socio, Economic and Political Environment and the Practice Setting,” speech, Stewart Conference, 1988
  8. Speech to the AHA Commission Health Advisory Council Task Force on Nursing, 1981
  9. “Speeches to be corrected,” c.1975
  10. Speeches, various, 1988
  11. State Board Conference speech, c.1967
  12. “Taking Chances, Making Choices,” 1986
  13. “Team Relationships in Nursing Care” film based on Lambertsen’s “Nursing Team Organization & Function,” 1953
  14. (U-Y)
    with Esther D. Schulz- “Use of Sabbaticals for Research Training.” Nursing Research, 17 (1968): 353-356.
    “Utilization of Nursing Service Personnel,” 1969
    “Ward Management,” undated
    “Where is Nursing Going,” 1971
    “Who Advocates for the Patient?” 1979 (1 typed copy, 1 handwritten draft)
    “The Year of Enrichment,” 1969
  15. “Who is the Nurse; Who are the Others?” NYSNA publication, 1966
  16. Writing on teaching hospitals, undated

Series 5: Personal Papers, 1922-1996

Box 1

  1. Application for Federal Employment, 1966-1978
  2. Autograph book, 1947
  3. Cartoons-Social Critics, c.1968, 1987, undated
  4. Conference on Mid-State Level Health Worker Planning, 1974
  5. Consulting: Simmons College, 1974
  6. Consulting: U.S. Office of Public Services Public Health Division, 1959
  7. Correspondence, 1953, 1954, 1958-1960, 1962, 1963, 1966
  8. Correspondence, 1968-1970, 1974-1977, 1979, 1980, 1982-1984
  9. Correspondence, 1985-1989
  10. Correspondence, 1990-1993, 1996, undated
  11. Correspondence- Piemonte, Robert, 1995-1996
  12. Correspondence- Welch, Cathryne, 1995-1996
  13. Council and committees travel, c.1958
  14. Curriculum vitae, 1987
  15. Ephemera, 1948, 1958, 1959, 1962, 1968, 1970, 1974, undated
    ( See also Oversize Box )
  16. Event programs, 1959, 1982, 1990
    High School diplomas, 1930 (see Oversize Box)
  17. High School Report Card, 1933-1934
  18. McManus, R. Louise, 1954-1956, 1958-1965, 1968-1970
  19. Newsclippings, 1953, 1964, undated
  20. “Nurses and Physicians-Goals, Complementary, Not Exclusive,” interview, 1979
  21. Overlook Hospital bylaws, undated
  22. Overlook Hospital commencement program, 1937
  23. Overlook Hospital correspondence, 1947
  24. Overlook Hospital Overview, 1991
  25. Overlook Hospital report, 1947
  26. Overlook Hospital subpoena, 1949
  27. P.H. Nursing Diary, undated
  28. Publicity, 1948, 1953, 1958, 1959
  29. Publicity, 1960-1962, 1967, 1968, 1971, 1974-1977, 1979
  30. Publicity, 1981, 1983, 1988-1991, 1995
  31. Publicity, undated
  32. Quality Monitoring in the Veteran’s Administration System, 1976
  33. Radio show, unidentified, undated
  34. Reference material: AIDS, 1985
  35. Reference material: Cooperative Care, 1985
  36. Reference material: HMOs, 1986
  37. Reference material: Learning and education, 1954, 1970, 1971
  38. Reference material: newsclippings, 1982, 1991, 1993-1995
  39. Reference material: quotations, 1988
  40. Reference material: reimbursement, 1986
  41. Reference material: various, 1965, 1973, 1986, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1996
  42. Reference material: various, 1983
  43. Registered Nurse certificates, 1938, 1950, 1981
  44. Scrapbook, 1922-1938
  45. Scrapbook of Casey Lambertsen, c.1928
Box 2

  1. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (1 of 7)
  2. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (2 of 7)
  3. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (3 of 7)
  4. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (4 of 7)
  5. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (5 of 7)
  6. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (6 of 7)
  7. Scrapbook, c.1951-1970 (7 of 7)

Series 6: Photographs, 1947-1994

Box 1
11 boxes of slides, unidentified, undated

  1. Awards and honors, c.1950, 1991, undated
  2. Army Nurse Corps, 1959
  3. C.V. Starr Pavilion Groundbreaking Ceremony, New York Hospital, 1981
  4. Framed photo: consultation in Hawaii, undated
  5. Group photos, some identified, 1965, 1972, 1974, 1978, 1980, 1984, undated
  6. International Council of Nurses, 1965, 1985, undated
  7. King’s Fund College, 1974
  8. Negatives, unidentified, undated
  9. Nursing Education Alumni Dinner, 1965
  10. Nursing school, undated
  11. Nursing team, undated
  12. Overlook hospital, 1947, undated
  13. Portraits, c.1956, 1961, 1963, undated
  14. Speaking and teaching, 1961, 1983, undated
  15. Taken by Lambertsen, undated
  16. Team Nursing, Delafield-Arden House, c.1954
  17. Unidentified, 1978, 1994, undated

Series 7: Awards and Honors, 1970-1993

Box 1

  1. American Academy of Nursing membership, 1985
  2. American Medical Association Award, 1980
  3. American Nurses Association honorary membership, 1970
  4. Center Alumni Council Distinguished Achievement Award, 1992
  5. Health Care Hall of Fame, 1990
  6. Health Services Improvement Fund tribute, 1991
    ( See also Resolution in Oversize Box )
  7. Loyola University honorary degree, 1985
  8. National Advisory Council on Nursing Training membership certificate, undated
  9. New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center Distinguished Achievement Award for Nursing, 1992
  10. New York Hospital Nursing Council Commendation, 1979
  11. Nursing Research Magazine charter subscriber, 1972
  12. NYSNA Honorary Recognition, 1982-1983
  13. R. Louise McManus Medal, 1971
  14. Royal Society of Health Membership, 1969
  15. South African Nursing Association honorary membership, 1976
  16. Teachers College Distinguished Alumni Award, 1991
  17. Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States Certificate of Appreciation, 1993

Series 8: Artifacts

Box 1

  • Jewelry and Other Small Items (In Small Box Within Artifact Box 1)
    • American Nurses Association 75th Anniversary commemorative medallion (2), 1971
    • Baylor University Honorary Baylorite medallion, 1970
    • Button with picture of Lambertsen and attached ribbon reading “Picture Yourself on the VA Team,” undated
    • Columbia (University) clips (2), one missing insignia, possibly booksmarks?, undated
    • Commemorative medallion, 1987
    • EMS apple shaped pin, undated
    • Florence Nightingale commemorative medallion, c.1970
    • Gold bar pin with floral design, undated
    • Hall of Fame for Great Americans at New York University commemorative medallions featuring Lillian D. Wald (2), undated
    • New York Hospital Bicentennial button, 1971
    • New York State Nurses Association Center for Nursing commemorative trowel, c.1977
    • Overlook Hospital pin, 1906
    • Pendant reading “Excelsior,” 1990
    • Pin (possibly nursing pin?) reading “Addestinatum Persequor B. Curver Pleeck Unde Pretoria,” Australia, undated
    • “Proud to be an RN,” NYSNA button, 1996
    • Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Crown commemorative coin, encased in plastic, 1977
    • R. Louise McManus Award, 1971
    • Silver pin with column design and small amethyst, undated
    • Small red, white and blue star shaped pin, undated
    • Souvenir of the Virgin Island of the United States (bottle opener???), undated
    • St. Christopher key chain engraved with “To AL from Bishop Choi,” undated
    • St. Christopher medal, reverse reads “I am a Catholic in Case of Accident Please Notify a Priest,” undated
    • St. Christopher medal, reverse reads “Italy,” undated
    • Tarnished silver triangle object with floral design, engraved with “Gorham Sterling for Gump’s,” undated
    • Two buttons attached to an envelope: “Is Nursing With It? Society in Crisis” and “Give a damn.” 1970
    • Two pence piece, 1971
    • Various nameplates and tags, undated
    • Wooden nickel, reverse reads, “Elect Billye J. Brown ANA Director,” undated
  • Plaques, Framed Items and Larger Artifacts
    • American Hospital Association publication Hospitals, J.A.H.A. marble block, undated
    • Apostolic Blessing scroll from wedding, 1962
    • Clara Maas coin set in glass, 1976
    • Clara Maas First Day of Issue stamp set, 1976
    • Commemorative plate featuring photograph of Lambertsen, with original photo, Hong Kong, undated
    • Florence Nightingale picture and autograph, 1879
    • Florence Nightingale Pledge, undated
    • Health Care Hall of Fame award: large glass pyramid on wooden base, 1989
    • Health Services Research Editorial Board recognition: marble block, undated
    • International Council of Nurses nylon bag, 1993
    • National Health Council Director and Vice President recognition: gold apple on black base, 1982-1989
    • Pen holder and pen engraved “E.C. Lambertsen,” undated
    • Photograph of a woman with a scarf on her head, undated
    • Plaque of appreciation from the PNA Graduates, 1972-1977
    • Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal: House Staff Home-Coming Convention marble block, 1960
    • Sao Paulo mug, c.1954
    • Stone Mountain Georgia souvenir marble block, undated
Box 2
Fragile Artifacts

  1. Commemorative glass, “Sigillum Collegii Medicorum Virginiensium,” undated
  2. Set of 4 teacups and saucers, “New York Hospital Nurses’ Residence,” 1932

Series 9: Oversize

Textile Box

  • Academic robes, hoods and cap, undated

Oversize Box

  • Series 2: Conferences: Royal Australian Nursing Federation, 1975
  • Series 4: “Let’s Get the Nurse’s Role Into Focus.” Prism, (1973).
  • Series 5: Ephemera, undated
  • Series 5: High school diplomas (2), 1930
  • Series 7: Health Services Improvement Fund Resolution, 1991

Rachel Donaldson June, 2007
Gertrude B. Hutchinson May 22, 2012

© 2001-2006 Foundation of the New York State Nurses Association, Inc.
© 2006-2017 Foundation of New York State Nurses, Inc.


Index code: MC15

Finding Guide: